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Highest Roll Wins

Problem

In deciding who should pay for lunch, Jane challenges John and James to a game of chance, "I shall take two ordinary 6-sided dice, roll them, and add their scores together. Then one of you shall do the same. If the second total is higher, John pays for lunch, if it is lower, James pays, or if it is same, I will pay. As there are three equally likely outcomes, the game is fair."

Is the game fair?

Problem ID: 158 (Mar 2004)     Difficulty: 3 Star

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