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Multiplicatively Perfect

Problem

The proper divisors of a positive integer, $n$, are all the divisors excluding $n$ itself. For example, the proper divisors of $6$ are $1, 2,$ and $3$.

A number, $n$, is said to be multiplicatively perfect if the product of its proper divisors equals $n$. The smallest such example is six: $6 = 1 \times 2 \times 3$ the next such example is eight: $8 = 1 \times 2 \times 4$.

Determine the nature of all multiplicatively perfect numbers.

Problem ID: 342 (26 Jun 2008)     Difficulty: 3 Star

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